1,000th Anniversary of the Founding of the City of Granada (1012-1013)
In 1012-1013 the city of Granada acquired importance; before that time it was occasionally mentioned by Arabian historians, but always as a dependency of Elvira (ancient city of Spain now Granada). With the arrival of the Zirid dynasty in 1013, Granada became an independent emirate Taifa of Granada. During the Reconquista the Nasrids aligned themselves with Ferdinand III of Castille and in 1238 the state officially became the Emirate of Granada. The Kingdom of Granada has been a fundamental factor in the history of Al-Andalus and of Spain as a whole; it has played a critical role as a blend of cultures and religions. The 1492 surrender of the Islamic Emirate of Granada to the Catholic Monarchs is one of the more significant events in Granada’s history and also the completion of the Reconquista of Al-Andalus.